Medicinal Leech Therapy

Hirudotherapy is a treatment using medicinal leeches.

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Hirudotherapy (Medicinal Leeches Therapy)

Hirudotherapy (Medicinal Leeches Therapy) is a treatment using medicinal leeches. Hirudo hirudotherapy londonmedicinalis, Hirudo Verbana or Hirudo Orientalis have been used to treat patients for centuries. In the past, leeches have proved to be an effective treatment for a number of conditions including battle wound treatment. Currently leeches may be used to assismedicinal leeche therapy londont in the treatment of abscesses, arthritis, glaucoma, myasthenia gravis, thrombosis and some venous disorders. Medical leeches may also be used in plastic surgery and in some blood circulatory problems. During feeding, leeches secrete a complex mixture of different biologically and pharmacologically active substances into the wound.

leeches therapy londonThe compounds that can be found in leech’s saliva – commonly known as „hirudosubstances” – are called Salivary Glands Secretion (SGS). SGS contains more than 120 – 140 bioactive substances, some of them are still being examined. The knowledge of how do they work and what are the health profits, is the thing that gives us new therapeutic opportunities.

Some of the Salivary Glands Secretion (SGS):

  • Analgesic comp
    ounds – are still being examined. They kill the pain in the area of leech bite.

  • Compounds with vasodilator properties – Hyaluronidase: prevents infection and improves the absorption. An enzyme that splits hyaluronic acid, lowers its viscosity and increases thepermeability of connective tissue and so the absorption of fluids.

  • Hirudin – a potent anticoagulant that prevents blood from clotting by binding to thrombin.

  • Antibiotic substances – prevent infections.

There’s no simple answer, when the leech treatment is unambiguously indicated, beacuse there’s no ready – made list of the diseases, that may require leech healing. We can only base on the evidences, that hirudotherapy showed its effectiveness in some particular cases, in specific ailments and health problems. Usually, hirudotherapy is a method that support other treatment (mostly pharmacological) or eases the pain, but it doesn’t cure the underlying causes of illness. The therapy we consider, is based on the skill of matching the symptoms with probable profits, that come from the hirudin in the leech saliva and its healing compounds. Leech’s saliva compounds show concrete effects; anti-coagulant, profibrinolytic, antiplatelet, anti-inflammatory and anti-edema. To a minor extent, the effects are also immunomodulatory and neurostimulatory.

Conditions medicinal leeches treat:

Vascular and Cardio-Vascular Diseases:
  • Ischaemic heart disease

  • Myocarditis

  • Pre / post heart attack condition

  • Hypertension

  • Migraine

  • Varicose veins (lower extremities)

  • Thrombophlebitis

  • Ulceration

  • Da Costa’s syndrome

  • Atherosclerosis (early stage 1 and 2 in Fontaine’s Classification)

Diseases of the musculoskeletal system:
  • Rheumatic diseases

  • Osteoarthritis

  • Rheumatoid arthritis

  • Contractures

  • Haematoma

  • Post – fractured treatment

Neurological disorders:
  • Hypertensive encephalopathy

  • Peripheral nerve compression bands

  • Concussion symptoms

  • Anxiety or panic disorder

  • Post bels-pulsy nerve damage

  • Hematomas and post-traumatic swelling with nerve damage

  • Postoperative arterial thrombosis and venous

  • Superficial thrombophlebitis

  • Disorders of peripheral nerves

  • Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer’s

  • Facial nerve neuralgia, trigeminal

  • Sciatica

  • Cerebral or Bell’s palsy

  • Acute facial nerve paralysis

Gastro-Intestinal disorders:
  • Chronic gastritis and duodenal

  • Colitis

  • Acid reflux

  • Spleen inflammation

  • Chronic hepatitis without clotting disorders

  • Pancreatitis

  • Trophic ulcer

  • Stomach flu

  • Haemorrhoids

Respiratory diseases:
  • Asthma

  • Chronic bronchitis

  • Pulmonary emphysema

  • Chronic pulmonary thrombosis

Surgery:
  • Amputations and replantations

  • Haematomas and edemas

  • Post-operative thrombosis

  • Subcutaneous tissue infection

  • Phlebitis

Gynecological diseases:
  • Inflammation of the appendages

  • Infertility (female & male)

  • Fibroids of uterus

  • Dysmenorrhea syndrome

  • Inflammation of the breast

  • Alleviating menopausal symptoms

  • Polycystic ovarian syndrome

  • Inflammation of the lining of the vagina & uterus

  • Endometriosis

  • Fibromyalgia

  • Mastitis

  • Irregular menstrual periods & pain associated

Urologic Diseases:
  • Kidney derivatives

  • Chronic renal failure

  • Prostate adenoma (non-adenocarcinoma)

  • Symptoms of chronic renal failure

  • Antigenic potency disorders

  • Bladder and urinary track disorders

  • Interstitial cystitis (IC)

Otolaryngologic disease:
  • Labyrynthitis and vestibular neuritis

  • Sinusitis

  • Ear aches

  • Tinnitus

  • Acute and chronic otitis

  • Strep-throat (streptococcal bacteria)

Ophthalmology:
  • Inflammation of the eye vascular tract

  • Glaucoma

  • Post-traumatic hematoma of the eyeball

  • Cataract

Dermatological Diseases:
  • Chickenpox and shingles (herpes zoster)

  • Psoriasis

  • Rashes

  • Rosacea

  • Soft tissue damage

  • Acne

  • Skin allergies

  • Subcutaneous hematoma

  • Collagen disease

  • Dermatitis

  • Scars (but not keloids)

Stomatology:
  • Gingivitis

  • Inflammation of the pulp

  • Hematomas in the mouth

  • Osteomyelitis of the jaw

  • Inflammation of the salivary glands

  • Acute toothache

  • Paradontosis

  • Nerve tissue (root canal treatment)

Leeches in Cosmetology:

Demi Moore explains…

The methods of slowing the skin aging with leeches’ application have been known since ancient times. The blood from inside of the leech, smeared all over the face, was believed to bring healthy look on the skin and to make it look more firm. After later examination it had been revealed that in the leech saliva there has been some compounds bringing beneficial effects on the skin: improvement of its eleaticity, texture, blood circulation and oxygenation.

The mask should remain on the skin for about 10 – 20 minutes (until it dries). After that time, it needs to be washed off with pure warm water (without any detergents). The effects of the treatment are visible immediately after washing off the mask; the complexion appears younger, looks radiant and smooth.

The application of leeches and their saliva in slowing the skin aging is now considered to be the most exclusive and expensive hirudotherapy technique. It is now experiencing a true renaissance all over the world.

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